Modified GTS Allocation Scheme for IEEE 802.15.4
AbstractIEEE 802.15.4 standard is widely used in wireless personal area networks (WPANs). The devices transmit data during two periods: contention access period (CAP) by accessing the channel using CSMA/CA and contention free period (CFP), which consists of guaranteed time slots (GTS) allocated to individual devices by the personal area network (PAN). However, the use of GTS slot size may lead to severe bandwidth wastage ifÂ the traffic pattern is not fit or only a small portion of GTS slot is used by allocated device. The proposed scheme devides the GTS slot and then optimizes the GTS slot size by exploiting the value of superframe order (SO) information. The proposed scheme was tested through simulations and the results show that the new GTS allocation scheme perform better than the original IEEE 802.15.4 standard in terms of average transmitted packets, throughput, latency and probability of successful packets.
M. Bertocco, G. Gamba, A. Sona, and S. Vitturi, Experimental characterization of wireless sensor networks for industrial applications, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1537â€“1546, August 2008.
K. Gill, S. H. Yang, F. Yao, and X. Lu, A Zigbee-based home automation system, IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron., vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 422â€“430, May 2009.
S. H. Lee, S. Lee, H. Song, and H. S. Lee, Wireless sensor network design for tactical military applications: Remote large-scale environments, in Proc. MILCOM, October 2009.
Y. Kim, R. G. Evans, and W. M. Iversen, Remote sensing and control of an irrigation system using a distributed wireless sensor network, IEEE Trans. instrum. Meas., vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1379â€“1387, July 2008.
J. M. Corchado, J. Bajo, D. I. Tapia, and A. Abraham, Using heterogeneous wireless sensor networks in a telemonitoring system for healthcare, IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 234â€“240, Mar. 2010.
IEEE 802.15.4, Part 15.4: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs), IEEE standard for information technology, September 2006.
Bih-Hwang Lee, M. Udin Harun Al Rasyid, Huai-Kuei Wu, Analysis of Superframe Adjustment and Beacon Transmission for IEEE 802.15.4 Cluster Tree Networks, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, July 2012.
M. Udin Harun Al Rasyid, Bih-Hwang Lee, Amang Sudarsono, PEGAS: Partitioned GTS Allocation Scheme for IEEE 802.15.4 Networks, IC3INA 2013, November 2013.
S. Rao, S. Keshri, D. Gangwar and P. Sundar, A Survey and Comparison of GTS Allocation and Scheduling Algorithms in IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Sensor Networks, Proc. IEEE Conference on Information and Communication Technologies, pp. 98-103, April 2013.
S. Fan, Jie Li, H. Sun, Study and Simulation of GTS Allocation in Beacon Enabled IEEE 802.15.4, Wireless Communications Networking and Mobile Computing (WiCOM) Conference, pp. 1-5, September 2010.
Y. Ding, S. Ho Hong, CFP Scheduling for Real-Time Service and Energy Efficiency in the Industrial Applications of IEEE 802.15.4, Journal of Communications and Networks, vol. 15, pp. 87-101, February 2013.
T. Yuichiro, K. Hiroki, Prototype Ultra Wideband-based Wireless Body Area Network Consideration of CAP and CFP slot allocation during human walking motion, 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, California USA, September 2012.
NICTA, Castalia : A simulator for Wireless Sensor Networks and Body Area Networks Version 3.2, Userâ€™s Manual, March 2011.
Zakha M.E.D., M. Udin Harun Al Rasyid, Amang Sudarsono, Throughput performance of a Beacon Enabled IEEE 802.15.4 Star with Guaranteed Time Slot, The 15th Industrial Electronics Seminar 2013 (IES) EEPIS, Surabaya, Indonesia, October 2013.
The copyright to this article is transferred to Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya(PENS) if and when the article is accepted for publication. The undersigned hereby transfers any and all rights in and to the paper including without limitation all copyrights to PENS. The undersigned hereby represents and warrants that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required. The undersigned represents that he/she has the power and authority to make and execute this assignment. The copyright transfer form can be downloaded here .
The corresponding author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors. This agreement is to be signed by at least one of the authors who have obtained the assent of the co-author(s) where applicable. After submission of this agreement signed by the corresponding author, changes of authorship or in the order of the authors listed will not be accepted.
Retained Rights/Terms and Conditions
- Authors retain all proprietary rights in any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in the Work.
- Authors may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the work or derivative works for the author’s personal use or company use, provided that the source and the copyright notice of Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya (PENS) publisher are indicated.
- Authors are allowed to use and reuse their articles under the same CC-BY-NC-SA license as third parties.
- Third-parties are allowed to share and adapt the publication work for all non-commercial purposes and if they remix, transform, or build upon the material, they must distribute under the same license as the original.
Plagiarism screening will be conducted by EMITTER Journal Editorial Board using iThenticate Plagiarism Checker and CrossCheck plagiarism screening service. The author should download and sign the declaration of plagiarism form here and resubmit it with the copyright transfer form via online submission.