Performance Analysis of MIMO-OFDM System Using Predistortion Neural Network with Convolutional Coding Addition to Reduce SDR-Based HPA Nonlinearity
In recent years, the development of communication technology has advanced at an accelerated rate. Communication technologies such as 4G, 5G, Wi-Fi 5 (802.11ac), and Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax) are extensively used today due to their excellent system quality and extremely high data transfer rates. Some of these technologies incorporate MIMO-OFDM into their protocol. MIMO-OFDM is widely used in modern communication systems due to its benefits, which include high data rates, spectral efficiency, and fading resistance. Despite these benefits, MIMO-OFDM has disadvantages, with the use of a nonlinear HPA being one of them. Nonlinear HPA causes in-band and out-of-band distortions in MIMO-OFDM signals. Utilizing predistortion (PD) is one way of solving this issue. PD is a technique that uses the inverse distortion of the HPA to compensate for the nonlinear characteristics of the HPA. To enhance the quality of MIMO-OFDM systems that the use of HPA has degraded, the convolutional coding (CC) method can be combined with the help of PD. Convolutional coding is a type of channel coding that can be used for error detection and correction. This study will evaluate a combined technique of PD neural networks (PDNN) and CC on the MIMO-OFDM system using Software Defined Radio (SDR) devices. The evaluation of this system led to the use of a technique that combines PDNN and CC to improve SNR and minimise BER on MIMO-OFDM systems that HPA on SDR devices has degraded. In addition, at code rates 1/2, 2/3, and 3/4, using PDNN reduces the SNR value required to achieve BER equal to 0 by 12.037%, 37.8%, and 4.10% when compared to Digital Predistortion (DPD).
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