Fire Image Set for Evoking Panic

  • Iqbal sabilirrasyad Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya
  • Achmad Basuki Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya
  • Tri Harsono Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya
Keywords: Self – Assessment Manikin, Panic, Fire


Fire is the closest disaster to us, a person who put cigarettes around flammable objects could burn one to dozens of houses. The last thing that happens was a mass panic. In this kind of situation, panic is one of the keys to determine how much probability someone will survive. However, detecting someone's panic during a fire is impossible. This leads some scientists to assume that mass panic was never happening and some studies use simple functions to determine someone when panic. Currently, thanks to technological advances we can easily build virtual worlds that resemble real events. To build a virtual world that could evoke panic we still need the right stimulus. In this paper, we will discuss with terms of fire disaster stimulus that possible to impel someone to feel panic. While some stimulus datasets that already exist have more broad categories, we wanted to focus on a specific problem. The determined parameters are considered through several elements that could cause a person to panic, either before or during a fire. By using the Self-Assessment Manikin system to obtain valance and arousal matrix, we conduct a test to see how much influence the fire categories stimulus provided.


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How to Cite
sabilirrasyad, I., Basuki, A., & Harsono, T. (2020). Fire Image Set for Evoking Panic. EMITTER International Journal of Engineering Technology, 8(2), 346-354.