Implementation of Energy Efficiency Based on Time Scheduling to Improve Network Lifetime in Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN)

  • Subono . Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya
  • M. Udin Harun Al Rasyid Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya
  • I Gede Puja Astawa Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya


ZigBee applications of IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) with Low Rate Wireless Personal Area Network (LR-WPAN) can be integrated with e-health technology Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). WBAN are small size and can communicate quickly making it easier for people to obtain information accurately.WBAN has a variety of functions that can help human life. It can be used in the e-health, military and sports. WBAN has the potential to be the future of wireless communication solutions. WBAN use battery as its primary power source. WBAN has limited energy and must be able to save energy consumption in order to operate for a long time. In this study, we propose a method of time scheduling called cycle sleep period (CSP) as WBAN solutions to save energy and improve energy efficiency. The CSP method is implemented in the real hardware testbed using sensor e-health includes temperature body and current sensor. We compared the performance of CSP method with duty cycle management (DCM) time scheduling-based and without using time scheduling.From the measurement results, our proposed idea has decreasingenergy consumption.

Keywords: WSN, LR-WPAN, WBAN, e-health, Time Scheduling


Download data is not yet available.


IEEE 802.15.4, Part 15.4: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs),IEEE standard for information technology, September 2006.

K. Gill, S. H. Yang, F. Yao, and X. Lu, A Zigbee-based Home Automation System, IEEE Trans. Consum. Electro. vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 422–430, May 2009.

M. Bertocco, G. Gamba, A. Sona, and S. Vitturi,Experimental Characterization of Wireless Sensor Networks For Industrial Applications, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1537–1546, August 2008.

Y. Kim, R. G. Evans, and W. M. Iversen, Remote Sensing and Control of an Irrigation System using a Distributed Wireless Sensor Network, IEEE Trans. instrum. Meas., vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1379–1387, July 2008.

S. H. Lee, S. Lee, H. Song, and H. S. Lee, Wireless Sensor Network Design for Tactical Military Applications: Remote Large-scale Environments, in Proc. MILCOM, October 2009.

M.U.H. Al Rasyid, B-H. Lee, A. Sudarsono, I. Mahfud, "Monitoring System of Patient Position Based On Wireless Body Area Sensor Network", IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics – Taiwan (ICCE-TW), June 6-8, 2015.

K.S. Kwak, M. A. Ameen, C. Lee, H. Lee, A Study on Proposed IEEE 802.15 WBAN MAC Protocols, The International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, ISCIT September 28-30, 2009.

W. Weiya, L. Chao, Integrated Application of WBAN and WSN, Fifth International Joint Conference on INC, IMS and IDC, 2009.

B-H. Lee, M.U.H. Al Rasyid, H-K. Wu, Analysis of Superframe Adjustment and Beacon Transmission for IEEE 802.15.4 Cluster Tree Networks, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, July 2012.

J. Kim, I. Song, E. Jang, S. Choi, A Dynamic Duty Cycle MAC Algorithm for Wireless Body Area Networks, International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology, Vol. 4, No. 2, June, 2012.

H. Rasouli, Y.S. Kavian, H.F. Rashvand, ADCA: Adaptive Duty Cycle Algorithm for Energy Efficient IEEE 802.15.4 Beacon-Enabled Wireless Sensor Networks, IEEE Sensors Journal, pp. 3893 - 3902, 24 September 2014.

K.S. Deepak, A.V. Babu, Energy EFFiciency of IEEE 802.15.6 based Wireless Body Area Networks in Scheduled Access Mode, International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics (ICACCI), pp301 - 307, 22-25 Aug. 2013.

M.T. IshtaiqueulHuque, K.S. Munasinghe, M. Abolhasan, A. Jamalipour, EAR-BAN: Energy Efficient Adaptive Routing in Wireless Body Area Networks, 7th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS), pp. 1 - 10, 16-18 Dec. 2013.

H. Karvonen, J. Petäjäjärvi, J. Iinatti, M. Hämäläinen, C. Pomalaza-Ráez, A Generic Wake-Up Radio Based MAC Protocol for Energy Efficient Short Range Communication, Proc. PIMRC, 2014.

J. Petajajarvi, H. Karnoven, K. Mikhylov, A. Parssinen, M. Hamalainen, J. Iinatti, WBAN Energy Efficiency and Dependability Improvement Utilizing Wake-Up Receiver, IEEE Trans. Commun, April 2015.

O. O. Olakanmi, O. M. Ojone, A. O. Seun, I. D.Adeyemi, A.K.Joseph,T. A.Taofeek, O. O. Abel, and A. A.Rasaki, A Microcontroller-based Design for Energy Efficient Nickel-chrome Plating Process, American Chemical Science Journal,2015.

G. Rostirolla, R.D. R. Righi, V. F. Rodrigues, P. Velho, E. L.Padoin, GreenHPC: A Novel Framework to Measure Energy Consumption on HPC Applications, International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), 2015.

How to Cite
., S., Al Rasyid, M. U. H., & Astawa, I. G. P. (2016). Implementation of Energy Efficiency Based on Time Scheduling to Improve Network Lifetime in Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). EMITTER International Journal of Engineering Technology, 3(2), 28-42.