Spatio-Temporal Associative Mining for Earthquake Data Distribution in Indonesia
Indonesia is a country that has the highest seismically activity in the world. This country has really high earthquake frequency because of it traversed by three plate meeting plate and located in Ring of Fire area. The shaking events from an earthquake are very strong and propagate in all directions, capable of destroying even the strongest civilian buildings, so there is no doubt that there are many victims of human lives. The other facts, earthquake in Indonesia have seismic relation between the provinces. In this paper, we present a new earthquake Spatio-temporal mapping system based on the association confidence value from the result of associative mining process on earthquake data distribution in Indonesia. The system proposed three main functions which are (1) Data Acquisition which taken from four data provider, then preprocess and combine it become one, (2) Associative Mining process to get the rule of association earthquake between provinces in Indonesia, and (3) Earthquake Association Spatio-Temporal Model from the highest confidence value and Visualization. We use data from several earthquake data providers from 1900 until 2018. To perform our proposed Spatio-temporal earthquake association mapping system, we divided the data to become a 5-year discrete partition. After that, we mining the rule and get the highest confidence value from each period. This confidence value is used for modeling and visualization of our Spatio-temporal mapping system. As a result of this study, we manage to generate earthquake association risk mapping from 13 provinces that had earthquake connectivity between each other. The provinces are Aceh, Sumatera Utara, Bengkulu, East Java, Bali, NTB, NTT, Maluku, North Maluku, Gorontalo, North Sulawesi, Papua dan West Papua.
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